More than 46,000 were selected by the province for permanent residence in 2018.

This is expected to increase to 68,500 in 2020.

Under the Cullen/Couture Agreement in 1978, the Federal Government recognized the distinct identity of Quebec by giving Quebec a say in the selection of immigrants abroad and allowed it to define its own selection criteria.  In 1991, the accord built on this mutual commitment to give Quebec selection powers in Canada.


Immigration to Quebec is a two-step process in which an applicant first applies for a certificat de selection du Quebec (CSQ), a document that allows the holder to immigrate to Quebec.

Once the applicant obtains a CSQ, the applicant must then submit an application to Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada (IRCC) for federal approval before the Canadian Immigration (Permanent Resident) Visa can be issued.


Quebec Experience Class

(Programme de l’experience Quebecoise, PEQ)


This program is for foreign students and individuals with work experience in Quebec



  • Have obtained a degree or diploma from an educational institution recognized by the Quebec Ministry of Education within the past 36 months
  • Have studied in Quebec for at least 1,800 hours (two years)
  • Have successfully completed an advanced intermediate level French course at a Quebec educational institution, if his or her studies were not completed in French



  • Have 12 months of work experience in Quebec in a skilled, managerial, or professional occupation in the 24 months prior to submission of the application
  • Must be employed and show legal status in Quebec at the time of the application
  • Have successfully completed an advanced intermediate level French course at a Quebec educational institution, if his or her studies were not completed in French



This program is for those who are interested to migrate to Quebec as permanent residents


This program assesses your socio-occupational characteristics based on ten factors and also takes into account the characteristics of your spouse or de facto spouse included in your application.

  • Education – Quebec has divided all courses into 5 areas based on the province’s economic needs.
  • Work Experience
  • Age
  • Knowledge of French and English
  • Stay in Quebec and family relationship in Quebec
  • Valid employment offer
  • Characteristics regarding accompanying spouse
  • Number of children under the age of 22 who will be accompanying you
  • Capacity of financial self-sufficiency

To qualify, a solo applicant must score at least 50 points while those applicants with a spouse or a common-law partner must score at least 59 points.